Setting Up Swagger 2 with a Spring Boot REST API

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1.Adding the Maven Dependency
As mentioned above, we will use the Springfox implementation of the Swagger specification.
To add it to our Maven project, we need a dependency in the  pom.xml  file.
<dependency>
<groupId> io.springfox </groupId>
<artifactId> springfox-swagger2 </artifactId>
<version> 2.7.0 </version>
</dependency>

2.Integrating Swagger 2 into the Project

2.1.Java Configuration
The configuration of Swagger mainly centers around the  Docket  bean.

Swagger 2 is enabled through the  @EnableSwagger2   annotation.
After the  Docket  bean is defined, its  select()  method returns an instance of  ApiSelectorBuilder , which provides a way to control the endpoints exposed by Swagger.
Predicates for selection of  RequestHandler s can be configured with the help of  RequestHandlerSelectors  and  PathSelectors . Using  any()  for both will make documentation for your entire API available through Swagger.
This configuration is enough to integrate Swagger 2 into existing Spring Boot project. For other Spring projects, some additional tuning is required.
2.2.Configuration Without Spring Boot
Without Spring Boot, you don’t have the luxury of auto-configuration of your resource handlers. Swagger UI adds a set of resources which you must configure as part of a class that extends  WebMvcConfigurerAdapter,  and is annotated with  @EnableWebMvc.

2.3.Verification
To verify that Springfox is working, you can visit the following URL in your browser:
http://localhost:8080/spring-security-rest/api/v2/api-docs
The result is a JSON response with a large number of key-value pairs, which is not very human-readable. Fortunately, Swagger provides  Swagger UI  for this purpose.
3.Swagger UI
Swagger UI is a built-in solution which makes user interaction with the Swagger-generated API documentation much easier.
3.1.Enabling Springfox’s Swagger UI
To use Swagger UI, one additional Maven dependency is required:

Now you can test it in your browser by visiting  http://localhost:8080/swagger-ui.html
In our case, by the way, the exact URL will be http://localhost:8080/swagger-ui.html
The result should look something like this:

3.2.Exploring Swagger Documentation
Within Swagger’s response is a  list of all controllers  defined in your application. Clicking on any of them will list the valid HTTP methods ( DELETE GET HEAD OPTIONS PATCH POST PUT ).
Expanding each method provides additional useful data, such as response status, content-type, and a list of parameters. It is also possible to try each method using the UI.
Swagger’s ability to be synchronized with your code base is crucial. To demonstrate this, you can add a new controller to your application.

Now, if you refresh the Swagger documentation, you will see  custom-controller in the list of controllers. As you know, there is only one method ( POST ) shown in Swagger’s response.
4. Advanced Configuration
The  Docket  bean of your application can be configured to give you more control over the API documentation generation process.
4.1.Filtering API for Swagger’s Response
It is not always desirable to expose the documentation for your entire API. You can restrict Swagger’s response by passing parameters to the  apis()  and  paths() methods of the  Docket  class.
As seen above,  RequestHandlerSelectors  allows using the  any  or  none  predicates, but can also be used to filter the API according to the base package, class annotation, and method annotations.
PathSelectors  provides additional filtering with predicates which scan the request paths of your application. You can use  any() none(), regex() , or  ant() .
In the example below, we will instruct Swagger to include only controllers from a particular package, with specific paths, using the  ant()  predicate.

4.2.Custom Information
Swagger also provides some default values in its response which you can customize, such as “Api Documentation”, “Created by Contact Email”, “Apache 2.0”.
To change these values, you can use the  apiInfo(ApiInfo apiInfo)  method. The  ApiInfo  class that contains custom information about the API.

4.3.Custom Methods Response Messages
Swagger allows  globally overriding response messages of HTTP methods through  Docket ’s  globalResponseMessage()   method. First, you must instruct Swagger not to use default response messages.
Suppose you wish to override  500  and  403  response messages for all  GET methods. To achieve this, some code must be added to the  Docket ’s initialization block (original code is excluded for clarity):


5.Conclusion
In this tutorial, we set up Swagger 2 to generate documentation for a Spring REST API. We also have explored ways to visualize and customize Swagger’s output.
The  full implementation  of this tutorial can be found in  the Github project  – this is an Eclipse based project, so it should be easy to import and run as it is.
And, if you’re a student  of REST With Spring , go to Lesson 1 from Module 7 for a deep-dive into setting up Swagger with Spring and Spring Boot.

6.The original address

http://www.baeldung.com/swagger-2-documentation-for-spring-rest-api


7.Source code download address



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